When children are in school they spend time every day focussing on phonics. This helps them to make links between the sounds that they hear and the letters they see around them. When children read they need to link the letters they see on the page to sounds so that the word makes sense. When they write they need to reverse the process and convert the sounds they hear to letters on the page.
In English we have 26 letters in the alphabet but our language is made from about 44 sounds (or phonemes). This means that letters need to be put together in groups so that all the sounds can be made. On this page are some resources to help you support your child to develop their phonic knowledge.
Daily online lessons
How to say sounds so children can blend them to make words
Follow the link below to find the lessons
In nursery and reception children do not learn all of the ways to make each of the sounds they hear. In year 1 usually children start to learn a wider range of ways to make each sound.